The First Computer In The World And When? Complete Information


There is no straightforward answer to this question, "Who did the computer invention", because the computer does not show any single machine, but it is an end to many different types of mechanical parts.

These parts have been invented by different people at different times. Therefore the answer to this question depends on the classification of the computer.

So today's article "Who first invented the computer" We are going to know this question in full depth. Hopefully, this will try you very much. So then without delay, let's start.

Who discovered the computer and when Evolution

What is the computer, it will all know you As we know that in the 19th century a famous mathematics professor, Charles Babbage, started it? That's why they are also called Father of Computer.

He had designed an Analytical Engine, which was the successor of the Difference Engine (automatic mechanical calculator) and is considered to be the basic framework of today's modern computers.

They were classified into generations and each generation was more improved and modified than its predecessor.

In the year 1822, British mathematician and inventor Charles Babbage (1791-1871) created the first steam-powered automatic mechanical calculator, which he called "Difference Engine" or "Differential Engine".

It was more than a simple calculator. It was able to compute the numbers of many sets simultaneously and in the end, it was answered in hard copies.

Ada Lovelace also helped Charles Babbage to develop this difference engine. He could compute polynomial equations and he was also able to print mathematical tables automatically.

After this, in 1837, Charles Babbage first described the description of the general mechanical computer, which was later to be the successor of the Difference Engine and whose name he thought was the analytical engine, but it could never be completed when Babbage was alive.

It was supposed to be programmed with the help of integrated memory and punch cards.


Later in 1991, Henry Babbage, the youngest son of Charles Babbage, completed a part of this machine, which was able to do almost all basic calculations.

Who first invented the first electronic computer and when?
In 1945, J.Presper Eckert and John Mauchly invented the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer). He did this at the University of Pennsylvania.

The entire expenditure of its design and construction was done by the US Military.

It was spread in about 1800 square feet, 200 kilowatts of electric power, in which about 70,000 resistors, 10,000 capacitors, and 18,000 vacuum tubes were used and its weight was about 50 tons.

While many believe that ABC computer was the first digital computer but many people consider ENIAC as the first digital computer.

That's because it's the first operational electronic digital computer It used to be used in weather prediction, atomic-energy calculations, thermal ignition, and other scientific uses.

Who first invented the programmable computer and where?
In 1938, German civil engineer, Konrad Zuse invented the world's first freely programmable binary driven the mechanical computer.

They named it Z1 Many people consider Konrad Zuse as the father of modern computers. This computer was programmable via punched tape or punched tape reader.

Z1's real name was "V1" for VersuchsModell 1, but after World War 2, it was renamed "Z1". In it, thin metal sheets of about 1000 kg weight are used, along with 20000 parts.

Who invented the first commercial computer?
In 1951, the world's the first commercial computer was invented, named UNIVAC I (Universal Automatic Computer I). It was the first commercial computer to be able to manage both numerical and alphabetic.

It was also designed by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly, who was the inventor of ENIAC.

There was a vacuum tube used, the same limited speed memory computer and used by the US military.

For its input and storage, a magnetic tape or a magnetic drum was used.



Who first invented the electronic digital computer and when?
In 1937, the world's the first electronic digital computer was invented by Dr. John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry. They named it the Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC).

When was the first invention of a Personal Computer?
The first personal computer was introduced in 1975. Ed Robert's name first appeared in front of "personal computer" and PC world on 3 November 1962 when Altair 8800 was introduced.
Otherwise, earlier computers were called microcomputers.

According to Company Name, first computer name
  • Commodore:- In 1977, Commodore introduced its first computer, named "Commodore PET".
  • Compaq:- In March 1983, Compaq introduced its first computer, the 100% IBM compatible computer, named "Compaq Portable".
  • Dell:- In 1985, Dell introduced its first computer "Turbo PC".
  • Hewlett Packard:- In 1966, Hewlett Packard released its first general computer, named "HP-2115".
  • NEC:- In 1958, NEC built its first computer, named "NEAC 1101".
  • Toshiba:- In 1954, Toshiba introduced its first computer, named "TAC" digital computer.
Which the computer was invented in the Sun?
The first mechanical computer was invented in 1822 by Charles Babbage, but it did not look like a computer anymore.

In the year 1837, Charles Babbage proposes the first general mechanical computer, named Analytical Engine.

In this Analytical Engine, an ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit), basic flow control, punch cards (which were inspired by the Jacquard Loom), and integrated memory were given space.

This was the first general-purpose computer concept. But unfortunately, due to funding issues, this computer could not be made in the surviving state of Charles Babbage.

When and when did the computer invent?
If it is said directly, the computer was invented by the famous mechanical engineer Charles Babbage.

Because he first designed the programmable computer. In 1822 Charles Babbage invented the mechanical computer called "Differential Engine". But due to lack of money, they could not complete.



Who first invented the Personal Desktop Computer?
The first desktop Personal computer in the whole world was created by Italian Company Olivetti in 1964. They kept the price at $ 3,200, which was around 2 lakh rupees today.

Atari Corporation made 520ST computers in 1985. It was a 32-bit color computer and had 256 Kb RAM and 3 1/2-Inch had a Floppy Disks that used to be the store.

There are many different companies ahead of us to create many different computer models.

Who invented the electronic computer?
The invention of the electronic computer Dr. Alan M. Touring did it.

Who invented the laptop?

The laptop was a very big invention. The same laptop was invented by Adam Osborne in 1981.

The first laptop was named "Osborne 1" which was named after its inventor. At that time its price was approximately $ 1500. In it many of its programs were pre-installed and there was also a small computer screen.


It was invented by "Osborne computers".

This was the first successful portable computer, where the company's sales were about 10,000 per month. At that time it was very much like this.

Laptops of other companies
After this, other companies noticed this invention and launched many new laptops which had many new features.
  1. IBM launched the IBM 5155 Portable Personal Computer in 1984.
  2. In the same year, Compaq Computer launched its first laptop PC, which also had VGA graphics, named it Compaq SLT / 286.
  3. NEC also released UltraLite, this was the first laptop computer whose weight was less than 5 lbs.
Then it went slowly and better.


India's first computer name
The first computer in India was brought in by Dr.Dwijish Dutta in 1952 in Kolkata, Indian Institute of Science.
India's first computer HEC - 2M

It was an analog computer. After that, an analog computer was installed in the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.

But in fact, the computer age in India started in 1956, when Kolkata was installed in the Indian Institute of Science, the digital computer HEC-2M, it was India's first electronic computer.

After the arrival of this computer, India had become the second country in Asia after Japan, which was now using computer technology. 

Then in 1958, a computer called "URAL" was installed in the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, which was larger than HEC-2M in size, this computer was purchased from Russia and in 1964 the use of these two computers was stopped.

Because IBM introduced its first computer in the IBM 1401 Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, which was the first computer of the IBM 1400 series, a data processing system computer that IBM built in 1959.

When is the computer in India?
All the computers that were made were bought from all other countries, not even in India. But in the year 1966, two institutions of India, Indian Institute of Statistics and Jadavpur University, created the first computer in India, named after it ISIJU.

There was a difference between HEC-2M and ISIJU-URAL HEC-2M and URAL were both computers with vacuum tubes while ISIJU was a transistor-containing computer. And after that, it started to become a computer in India.

Which is India's first Super Computer and who made it?
India's first supercomputer was "PARAM 8000". The full form of PARAM is "Parallel Machine". This computer was developed by the Center for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in 1991. Architect Vijay P. Bhatkar was a major contributor to this.

They built PARAM 8000 in 1991 and PARAM 10000 in 1998.


The rating of this PARAM 8000 was approximately 1 Gigaflop (billion floating point operations per second). All chips and other elements used to make PARAM used were bought from the open domestic market.

There were some major applications of this PARAM Supercomputer such as long-range weather forecasting, remote sensing, drug design, and molecular modeling.

When was the invention of the computer in India
The computer was invented in 1966 from indigenous knowledge council in India. This computer was named "ISIJU".

When and where was the first computer installed in India

India bought its first computer in 1956, its price was about Rs 10 lakh. Its name was HEC-2M and it was established at Calcutta's Indian Statistical Institute.

It was nothing more than a large number crunching machine. Its length of 10 ft, the width of 7 ft and a height of 6 ft were.

It played a very important role at that time by formulating annual and five-year plans by the planning commission, as well as in India's top-secret nuclear projects.

It was India's first First Generation Computer. Along with this, it also laid the foundation of computer development in India.



Conclusion
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